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About Trojan

Trojan (Suzhou) material technology Co., Ltd was established in 2005. It is a professional China wholesale Metallurgical HARDNESS TESTING Suppliers and OEM/ODM Metallurgical HARDNESS TESTING Company. Trojan has experienced professional and technical personnel who have been engaged in this industry for many years, and can guarantee high-quality production.Metallurgical HARDNESS TESTING and other products. At the same time, the company has a number of inventions, copyrights and product design patents. The company has passed ISO, CE and other system certifications, and its products are widely used in metallographic testing laboratories in various industries at home and abroad, and have been widely recognized by customers.

Industry knowledge

What is metallurgical hardness testing and why is it important in materials science and engineering?

Metallurgical hardness testing is a method used to determine the hardness or resistance to plastic deformation of a material. It is an essential technique in materials science and engineering as it provides valuable data on the mechanical properties and characteristics of a material. 
Hardness is a property that describes the ability of a material to resist indentation, scratching, or wear. It can be an important parameter in material selection, quality control, and product development. Metallurgical hardness testing allows engineers and scientists to measure this property accurately and consistently.
One of the main reasons why metallurgical hardness testing is important in materials science and engineering is its relationship to a material's strength and durability. Hardness can be directly related to the material's ability to withstand external forces or stresses without undergoing deformation or failure. By understanding the hardness of a material, engineers can make informed decisions on its suitability for specific applications.
Metallurgical hardness testing also aids in determining the structural integrity of a material. It can help identify the presence of defects such as voids, cracks, or impurities, which can significantly affect a material's performance. By evaluating the hardness, engineers can assess the overall quality of the material and make modifications or adjustments if required.
Additionally, hardness testing is vital for quality control and assurance in manufacturing processes. It ensures that the manufactured components meet the desired hardness specifications and comply with industry standards. By conducting regular hardness tests, engineers can identify any variations or inconsistencies in the material's hardness and take corrective actions to avoid potential failures or performance issues.
There are various methods employed for metallurgical hardness testing, including Rockwell, Brinell, Vickers, and Knoop hardness tests. Each method has its own advantages and is suitable for different applications and material types. These tests involve applying a known load to the material's surface and measuring the depth or impression left by the indenter. The results are then compared to standardized hardness scales to determine the material's hardness value.

What are the different methods used for metallurgical hardness testing and how do they work?

There are several different methods used for metallurgical hardness testing, each with its unique principles and applications. Some of the commonly employed methods include Rockwell hardness testing, Brinell hardness testing, Vickers hardness testing, and Knoop hardness testing.
Rockwell hardness testing is a widely used method that measures the depth of penetration of an indenter into a material. It involves applying an initial minor load followed by a major load using a diamond cone or a hardened steel ball. The hardness value is determined based on the difference in depth before and after the major load is applied.
Brinell hardness testing involves indenting a material using a hardened steel ball and measuring the diameter of the resulting impression. The hardness value is calculated based on the applied load and the surface area of the impression. This method is particularly suitable for materials with large grain size or rough surfaces.
Vickers hardness testing is based on the principle of the depth of indentation and is suitable for a wide range of materials, including metals, ceramics, and thin films. A diamond pyramid indenter is used to create an impression, and the diagonal lengths of the indentation are measured. The hardness value is calculated based on the applied load and the surface area of the impression.
Knoop hardness testing is similar to Vickers testing, but it utilizes a pyramidal diamond indenter with an elongated shape. This method is mainly employed for testing brittle and thin materials. The hardness value is determined based on the applied load and the length of the elongated diagonal of the indentation.
Additionally, there are other hardness testing methods such as microhardness testing, which is used for measuring the hardness of small areas or thin films, and shore hardness testing, which is employed for measuring the hardness of polymers.
Each hardness testing method has its advantages and limitations, making them suitable for different applications and materials. These methods play a crucial role in materials science and engineering by providing valuable information on the mechanical properties, suitability for specific applications, and quality control in manufacturing processes. They help engineers and researchers choose the right materials for various applications, evaluate material performance, and ensure the integrity and reliability of finished products.